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Diabetes. How do we get it

December 11, 20232 min read

“I do not love to work out, but if I stick to exercising every day and put the right things in my mouth, then my diabetes just stays in check .” - Halle Berry


"Understanding Diabetes: Causes and Risk Factors"


Diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood sugar levels. It affects millions of people worldwide, leading to significant health consequences if left unmanaged. In this blog, we will explore the evidence-based causes and risk factors associated with diabetes, drawing from reputable sources to provide accurate and informative content.

Causes of Diabetes:

Diabetes has multiple forms, the most common being type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as well as gestational diabetes occurring during pregnancy. Type 1 diabetes is considered an autoimmune disease, in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, leading to insulin deficiency (American Diabetes Association, 2021).

Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is primarily associated with insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency, often linked to lifestyle and genetic factors. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) notes that obesity, physical inactivity, and poor diet are significant risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes (NIDDK, 2021).

Risk Factors:

Various risk factors contribute to the development of diabetes. A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine highlighted the following key risk factors:

1. Obesity: Excess body weight, particularly visceral adiposity, is strongly associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (Hu, 2011).

2. Sedentary Lifestyle: Lack of physical activity and prolonged periods of inactivity have been shown to elevate the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, as indicated by research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (CDC, 2020).

3. Unhealthy Diet: Consumption of a diet high in processed foods, added sugars, and unhealthy fats is linked to an elevated risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) (ADA, 2020).

4. Genetic Predisposition: Family history plays a significant role in the risk of developing diabetes, particularly type 2 diabetes, as noted by a study published in Diabetologia (Meigs, 2000).


Understanding the causes and risk factors associated with diabetes is crucial for prevention and management. By addressing modifiable risk factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, and poor diet, individuals can take proactive steps to reduce their risk of developing diabetes. It's essential to consult with healthcare professionals for personalized guidance and support in addressing this widespread health concern.


- American Diabetes Association. (2021). Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care, 44(Supplement 1), S15-S33.

- CDC. (2020). National diabetes statistics report.

- Hu, F. B. (2011). Globalization of diabetes: the role of diet, lifestyle, and genes. Diabetes Care, 34(6), 1249-1257.

- Meigs, J. B. (2000). Genetics of type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia, 43(10), 1207-1221.

- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. (2021). Insulin resistance & pre diabetes.

8 Reasons

Sandra Brown

Healthcare professional, nurse

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